copper sulfate uses, not safe for swimming

copper sulfate for ponds
copper sulfate for ponds safety

Copper sulfate for ponds: really safe ?

When organisms such as algae become a problem in private or commercial fish ponds, copper sulfate treatment provides an inexpensive solution. However, improper application of copper sulfate can create more problems than it solves.

Pond Problems: Excessive algae may accumulate in ponds. It may float on the surface and form a scum. Excessive algae can reduce the amount of oxygen in a pond to such an extent that fish die. Parasites such as ich may also harm pond fish. Copper sulfate uses, not safe for swimming

Poisonous to Fish: Excessive application of copper sulfate will kill fish, especially if water is low in alkalinity. If a pond contains less that 50 milligrams of alkaline material per liter, a pond should not be treated with copper sulfate, according to the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture.

Another Consideration;

If copper sulfate kills a thick mat of algae at once, the decaying vegetation may deprive the pond of oxygen. For dense algal blooms, it is better to apply copper sulfate to the worst spots instead of giving the pond a complete copper sulfate treatment.  OR DON’T USE IT PERIOD!

Other Precautions:

Copper sulfate in ponds can cause oxygen concentrations to drop, which may result in fish kills. Pond algae is a major source of oxygen production and by removing it this source of oxygen is also removed. In addition, oxygen will be consumed as the algae decomposes. If you are treating to kill algae, either treat in a series of smaller doses over time or have emergency aeration available.

Copper is also toxic to invertebrates, such as snails, and also most of the zooplankton in a pond (daphnia, rotifers, etc.), so if you are relying on the zooplankton as a food source (i.e. fry ponds), you may not want to use copper.

Last Note;

Overuse of this product is common due to its short-term effectiveness.  This can result in copper build-up in the sediments leading to a sterile bottom.  A sterile bottom will lead to a lack of beneficial bacteria and cause among other things, high algae blooms which in effect, reduces the chances for aquatic plants to grow due to the shading on the bottom caused from the thick algae. When aquatic plant growth diminishes, so can fish growth and survival.

In review, copper sulfate not safe:

Has short term effectiveness and therefore is often misused and overused.  Copper remains in the pond and does not bio-degrade.

Copper sulfate not safe, can be toxic to fish and other organisms.

Beneficial bacteria such as our all natural, Bio Lake Clear  product, breaks down organic matter in the pond including silt, sludge, decaying plants, etc. into harmless chemicals.   Beneficial bacteria and algae both feed on nutrients in the water available from the silt, sludge, decomposing plants, fertilizers, etc. By adding beneficial bacteria on a regular basis, you increase the beneficial bacteria colonies and therefore have more bacteria working for you to keep the pond clean, clear and healthy. Copper sulfate uses, not safe for swimming

We recommend the use of our all-natural beneficial bacteria product, Bio Lake Clear and Ecosocks GC to treat ponds and lakes for algae control and faster organic matter decomposition from silt, sludge and decaying plants & fish.

Copper sulfate uses, not safe for swimming

Copper Sulfate General Fact Sheet

Copper Sulfate. General Fact Sheet. What is copper sulfate? What are some products that contain copper sulfate? How does copper sulfate work? How might I be exposed to copper sulfate? What are … The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) has not published a cancer rating for copper sulfate. This is due to …

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